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西班牙中世纪城堡遭遇“现代化”修复(英文)

作者:濮阳皑    发布时间:2018-01-02 05:03:01    

摘要:居住在西班牙南部维拉马丁的居民原本料想,对当地马德雷拉城堡(Matrera Castle)的修复会让这座侧卧在山脊上的古迹恢复中世纪的荣光但修复前后的对比让人们大跌眼镜社交媒体上随即而来的是不满和嘲讽 When the residents of Villamartín heard that the landmark castle near their small town in southern Spain was up for restoration, they probably envisaged a thoughtful restoration of the medieval stronghold to something approximating its former glory. Instead, what they have been left with is something that many feel more closely resembles a multistory parking garage. The repair of Matrera Castle, perched on a ridge in the Andalusia region, has infuriated locals and provoked the ire of some conservationists. Images of the castle before and after the restoration have recently fueled bemusement and ridicule on social media. “It’s a barbarity,” one town resident was quoted as saying by the Spanish news channel La Sexta. “I don’t like what they’ve done at all,” said another. “It looks like they’ve used builders instead of restorers,” a third said, using a mild expletive to assess the quality of the work. 修复前的马德雷拉城堡 Museum of Villamartín Hispania Nostra, a preservationist group that advocates the protection of heritage sites, was similarly unimpressed. The work is “truly lamentable” and “has very badly surprised locals and foreigners,” the group’s vice president, Carlos Morenés, said on its website, calling the project an example of the “massacre” of Spanish heritage. The architect behind the restoration, Carlos Quevedo Rojas, acknowledged that his results were not to everyone’s taste. “I understand the criticism of local people used to seeing the tower look a certain way,” he said in a phone interview, “but the principle objective was to prevent the collapse of the structure.” Mr. Quevedo Rojas said that modern standards for restoring historic buildings discouraged efforts to make them look as they might have when first erected. “You have to distinguish and maintain the historical value and architectural integrity,” he said. “You can’t make the structure have the same appearance as the original. You can’t falsify the appearance. It has to be clear which parts are new and which are old.” According to Mr. Quevedo Rojas, plans to restore the castle, which is privately owned, were drawn up in 2011, but had to be altered when the north wall collapsed in 2013 because of floods in the area. “In this case, the first objective is to consolidate the structure so it doesn’t suffer further collapses,” he said. The project, he said, cost hundreds of thousands of euros — he would not be more precise — and did not involve public funds. Town authorities and the culture and environment departments of the Andalusia regional government approved the project, he said. Attempts to repair objects of historical significance have gone awry before in Spain. In 2012, a case of suspected vandalism in a church in the northeastern village of Borja turned out to be among the worst art restoration projects of all time: an 83-year-old widow and amateur painter admitted having tried to restore a nearly century-old fresco of Jesus crowned with thorns. That story had a somewhat miraculous ending — the botched restoration was so appalling that the church has become a tourist attraction. While the renovated Matrera Castle seems unlikely to enjoy the same fate, the makeover does have its defenders. José María Gutiérrez López, the director of Villamartín’s small history museum, said critics were simply ill informed. “I think the criticism comes from people without any knowledge of the criteria of modern restoration,” he said. “They wanted it to be restored to the same condition as it was before, but that’s not what happens.” Mr. Gutiérrez López, who has written a book about the castle and the history of the surrounding area but was not involved in the repairs, expressed surprise at the negative attention it has received. “When there was the collapse in 2013, we couldn’t even get 100 signatures together to restore the building,” he said. “Now there’s been this restoration, there’s been an outcry. It makes me very frustrated.” “It looks fine to me,

 

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